Genes for stress resistance tested in transgenic/mutant plants  (updated  Dec 22, 2011)

o   This is not a strict listing. It serves mainly as a guide. Please check the original papers for details.

o   Use browser Find <ctrl f> to search this table 

o   Please inform the curator of omissions/corrections

o   For online abstract/paper click on I.D. number (I.D. number is also the listing in our 'Reference Database)

 

Select Group (group association is broad since genes can carry an effect across groups):

 

Genes controlling osmotic factors and other protectants

Late embryogenesis abundant (LEA)- related genes

Various regulatory genes

Hormone regulating genes

Oxidative stress related genes

Genes encoding for molecular chaperones & other proteins

Genes encoding proton pumps, antiporters and ion transporters

Others

Sorry, No updates after 2011 due to an excessive number of transgenics produced each month – while more than a few are still not well tested for function (see our Devil’s Advocate page; also see here).

 

You can still find updated references under our ‘Reference Database’ using Keyword ‘transgenic’ or ‘mutant’ with any other search criteria.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Genes encoding enzymes that synthesize osmotic and other protectants         (To top)

Gene

Gene Action

Species

Phenotype

Reference

ID*

 

Dehydrin protein accumulation

Tobacco

Cold tolerance and possible antioxidative effect

Hara et al. 2003

6602

 

Accumulation of different compatible solutes

Tobacco

Photosystem cold tolerance

Parvanova et al., 2004

7334

ADC

Arginine decarboxylase

Rice

Reduced chlorophyll loss under drought stress

Capell et al. 1998

5607

ADC

Polyamine synthesis

Rice

Drought resistance

Capell et al., 2004

7290

ADC

Polyamine synthesis

Rice

Drought resistance

Peremarti et al., 2009

9906

ADC

Polyamine accumulation

rice

salt resistance in biomass accumulation

Roy and Wu, 2001

5561

ADC2

Putrescine accumulation with no changes in spermidine and spermine content

Arabidopsis

Drought resistance and transpiration reduction

Alcazar et al., 2010

10468

ADC1, ADC2

Polyamine accumulation

Arabidopsis

Freezing tolerance

Cuevas et al., 2008

9598

Apo-Inv

Apoplastic invertase

Tobacco

Salt tolerance, high “osmotic pressure”

Fukushima et al., 2001  

5202

AtGolS2  

Galactinol and raffinose accumulation

Arabidopsis

Reduced transpiration

Taji et al. 2002

5884

AtHAL3

Phosphoprotein phosphatase

Tobacco

Improved salt, osmotic and Lithium tolerance of cell cultures

Yonamine et al., 2004

6947

AtHAL3a

Phosphoprotein phosphatase

Arabidopsis

Regulate salinity and osmotic tolerance and plant growth      

Espinosa-Ruiz  et al. 1999

4601

ATP-PRT

ATP-phosphoribosyltransferase

Alyssum

His accumulation and Nickel tolerance

Ingle et al., 2005

7942

AtTPS1

trehalose-6-phosphate synthase

Tobacco

Drought resistance; sustained photosyntehsis

Almeida et al., 2007

8668

BADH-1

Glycine-Betaine production

Carrot

Salinity tolerance

Kumar et al., 2004

7353

BADH-1

Glycine-Betaine production

Rice

Cd tolerance

Shao et al., 2008

9479

BADH-1

Glycine-Betaine production

Maize

Salinity tolerance

Wu et al., 2007

9117

BADH-1

Glycine-Betaine production

Trifoliate orange

Salinity tolerance

Fu et al., 2011

11276

BADH-1

Glycine-Betaine production

Tobacco

Heat tolerance in photosynthesis

Xinghong Yang, et al., 2005

7858

BADH-1

Glycine-Betaine production

Tobacco

Salinity tolerance

Yang et al., 2008

9160

BADH-1

Glycine-Betaine production

Tomato

Maintenance of osmotic potential

Moghaieb et al. 2000

5094

BADH-1

Glycine-Betaine production

Wheat

Plasma membrane protection under cold stress

Zhang et al., 2010

10261

BADH-1

Glycine-Betaine production

Wheat

Sustained photosynthesis under drought and heat stress

Wang et al., 2010

10450

betA  

Choline dehydrogenase (glycinebetaine synthesis)

Cotton

Osmotic adjustment and salt tolerance

Zhang et al., 2011

11135

betA  

Choline dehydrogenase (glycinebetaine synthesis)

Maize

Drought resistance at seedling stage and high yield after drought

Quang et al., 2004

7409

betA  

Choline dehydrogenase (glycinebetaine synthesis)

Tobacco

Increased tolerance to salinity stress

Lilius et al. 1996

3287

betA  

Choline dehydrogenase (glycinebetaine synthesis)

Wheat

Seedling drought resistance

He et al., 20111

10749

CHIT33, CHIT42

Endochitinase synthesis

Tobacco

Salt and metal toxicity resistance (& disease)

Dana et al., 2006

8504

CMO

Choline monooxygenase (glycine betaine synthesis)  

Tobacco

Better in vito growth under salinity and osmotic (PEG6000) stress

Yi-Guo Shen et al. 2002

6285

codA     

Choline oxidase (glycine betaine synthesis)

Arabidopsis

Increased stress tolerance

Huang et al. 2000

4731

codA     

Choline oxidase (glycine betaine synthesis)

Arabidopsis

Salt tolerance in terms of reproduction

Sulpice et al., 2003

6822

codA

Choline oxidase (glycine betaine synthesis)

Brassica juncea

Tolerance to stress induced photoinhibition

Prasad and Saradhi 2004

7094

codA

Choline oxidase (glycine betaine synthesis)

Rice

Increased tolerance to salinity and cold  

Sakamoto et al. 1998

3859

codA

Choline oxidase (glycine betaine synthesis)

Rice

Recovery from a week long salt stress

Mohanty et al., 2003

6347

codA

Choline oxidase (glycine betaine synthesis)

Rice

Drought resistance, antioxidative action

Kathuria et al., 2009

9966

codA                 

Choline oxidase (glycine betaine synthesis)

Tobacco

Freezing toleance

Parvanova et al., 2004

7334

codA                 

Choline oxidase (glycine betaine synthesis)

Tomato

Chilling tolerance in yield and oxidative stress tolerance

Park et al., 2004

7416

codA                 

Choline oxidase (glycine betaine synthesis)

Tomato

Chilling tolerance

PARK et al., 2007

8969

codA                 

Choline oxidase (glycine betaine synthesis)

Tomato

Salt and drought resistance

Goel et al., 2011

11013

codA                 

Choline oxidase (glycine betaine synthesis)

Tomato

Seedling heat tolerance

Li et al., 2011

11313

COR15a

Cold induced gene

Arabidopsis

Increased freezing tolerance

Steponkus et al. 1998

5618

DSM

Control of the xanthophyll cycle

Rice

Drought resistance

Du et al., 2010

10716

COX

Choline oxidase (glycine betaine synthesis)

Rice

Salt and 'stress' tolerance

Su et al. 2006

8227

Ect A…ect C

Edtoin accumulation in chloroplasts

Tobacco

Salt and cold tolerance

Rai et al. 2006

8090

ggpPS

Glucosylglycerol accumulation

Arabidopsis

Salt tolerance

Klähn et al., 2009

9766

GS2

Chloroplastic glutamine synthetase

Rice

Increased salinity resistance and chilling tolerance

Hoshida et al. 2000

4792

GS1

Cytosolic glutamine synthetase

Rice

N Use efficiency under high N supply

Brauer et al., 2011

10896

IMT1

Myo-inositol o-methyltransferase (D-ononitol synthesis)

Tobacco

Better CO2 fixation under salinity stress. Better recovery after drought stress.

Sheveleva et al. 1997

3660

LWR1,

 LWR2

Solute accumulation (proline)

Arabidopsis

Growth, osmotic adjustment, water status

Verslues and Bray, 2004

7352

M6PR

Mannose-6-phosphate reductase

Arabidopsis

Mannitol accumulation under salt stress leading to salt tolerance

Zhifang and Loescher, 2003

6343

LeZe

Zeaxanthin epoxidase

Tomato

Antisense cause zeaxanthin accumulation and cold tolerance

Wang et al., 2010

10641

M6PR

Mannose-6-phosphate reductase

Arabidopsis

Mannitol accumulation and salt tolerance due to chloroplast protection

Sickler et al., 2007

8850

mt1D

Mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase (mannitol synthesis)

Arabidopsis

Increased germination under salinity stress

Thomas et al. 1995

5620

mt1D

Mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase (mannitol synthesis)

Petunia

Chilling tolerance

Chiang et al., 2005

7715

mt1D

Mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase (mannitol synthesis)

Tobacco

Increased plant height and fresh weight under salinity stress

Tarczynski et al. 1993

2383

mt1D

Mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase (mannitol synthesis)

Tobacco

No contribution to sustained growth under salinity and drought stress.

Karakas et al., 1997

3492

mt1D

Mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase (mannitol synthesis)

Wheat

Drought and salinity tolerance of calli and plants

Abebe et al., 2003

6533

mt1D &

GutD

Mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase & glucitol-6-phosphate dehydrogenase

loblolly pine

High salt tolerance due to mannitol and glucitol accumulation

Tang et al., 2005

7614

mt1D      

Mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase (mannitol synthesis)

Populus tomentosa

Salinity tolerance

Hu et al., 2005

7946

mt1D      

Mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase (mannitol synthesis)

sorghum

Salt and drought tolerance

Maheswari et al., 2010

10617

Osm1 …Osm4

Osmotin protein accumulation

Tobacco

Drought and salt tolerance in plant water status and proline accumulation

Barthakur et al., 2001

5560

Osm1 …Osm4

Osmotin protein accumulation

Strawberry

Proline accumulation & salt tolerance

Husaini and Abdin, 2008

9309

Osmotin protein accumulation

Mulberry

Drought and salt resistance

Das et al., 2011

10926

Osmyb4

Cold induced transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Accumulation of compatible solutes

Mattana et al., 2005

7915

Osmyb4

Specifically cold inducible

Tobacco

Freezing and Chilling tolerance

Vannini et al., 2004

6922

Osmyb4

Cold induced transcription factor

Tomato

Drought but not cold resistance

Vannini et al., 2007

8978

OsMYB3R-2

Cold induced transcription factor

Rice

Cold tolerance

Ma et al., 2009

9907

OsP5CS2

Highly homologous to P5CS

Rice

Cold and salinity tolerance

Hur et al., 2004

7264

otsA

Trehalose-6-phosphate synthase (trehalose synthesis)

Tobacco

Increased leaf dry weight and photosynthetic activity under drought. Increased carbohydrate accumulation.

Pilon-smits et al. 1998

3101

P5CS      

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase (proline synthesis)

Bean

Drought, salt cold resistance

Chen et al., 2009

9656

P5CS      

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase (proline synthesis)

Chickpea

Salinity tolerance

Ghanti et al., 2011

11436

P5CS    

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase (proline synthesis) (tomato)

Citrus

Osmotic adjustment  and drought resistance

Molinari et al., 2004

7361

P5CSF129A

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase (proline synthesis)

Citrus (citrumelo)

Drought resistance via turgor maintenance

De Cavalho et al., 2011

10999

P5CS

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase (proline synthesis)

Petunia

Drought resistance and high proline

Yamada et al., 2005

7750

P5CS

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase (proline synthesis)

Potato

Salinity tolerance

Hmida-Sayari et al., 2005

7864

P5CS

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase (proline synthesis)

Rice

Increased biomass production under drought and salinity stress

Zhu et al. 1998

3871

P5CS

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase (proline synthesis)

Rice

Reduced oxidative stress under osmotic stress

Hong et al., 2000

5562

P5CS

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase (proline synthesis)

Rice

Resistance to water and sainity stress

Su and Wu, 2004

7034

P5CS

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase (proline synthesis)

Soybean

Resistance to osmotic stress and heat

De Ronde et al. 2001

5767

P5CS                

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase (proline synthesis) (tomato)

Soybean

Drought resistance, high RWC, high proline

De Ronde et al., 2004

7383

P5CR

Pyrroline carboxylate reductase (proline accumulation)

Soybean

Antioxidants activity under stress

Kocsy et al., 2005

7797

P5CR

Pyrroline carboxylate reductase (proline accumulation)

Soybean

Amino acid accumulation

Simon-Sarkadi et al., 2006

8612

P5CS                

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase(proline synthesis) (tomato)

Sugarcane

Drought resistance via antioxidant role of proline

Molinari et al., 2007

8859

P5CS

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase(proline synthesis)

Tobacco

Increased biomass production and enhance flower development under salinity stress

Kishor et al. 1995

3078

P5CS

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase(proline synthesis)

Tobacco

Various hormonal repercussion under heat and drought

Dobra et al., 2010

10638

P5CS

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase(proline synthesis)

Tobacco

Freezing tolerance

Parvanova et al., 2004

7334

P5CS

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase(proline synthesis)

Wheat

Drought resistance due to antioxidative action

Vendruscolo et al., 2007

9069

P5CS    

Pyrroline carboxylate synthase(proline synthesis) (tomato)

Yeast

Reduced growth under none-stress and some promoted growth under mild stress

Maggio et al., 2002

6181

pdc1

Pyruvate decarboxylase overexpression

Rice

Increased submergence tolerance

Quimio et al. 2000

4747

pdc1; pdc2

Pyruvate decarboxylase overexpression

Arabidopsis

Hypoxic stress survival

Ismond et al. 2003

6669

PPO

Protoporphyrinogen oxidase

Tomato

Drought resistance

Thipyapong et al., 2004

7267

PPO

Protoporphyrinogen oxidase

Rice

Drought resistance

Phung et al., 2011

11415

SAMDC

S-adenosylmethioninedecarboxylase (polyamine synthesis)

Rice

Better seedling growth under a 2 day NaCl stress

Roy and Wu, 2002

6252

SAMDC

S-adenosylmethioninedecarboxylase (polyamine synthesis)

Tobacco

drought, salinity, Verticillium and Fusarium wilts resistance

Waie and Rajam, 2003

6538

SAMDC

S-adenosylmethioninedecarboxylase (polyamine synthesis)

Rice

Improved recovery from drought

Peremarti et al., 2009

9906

SMT

selenocysteine methyltransferase

Arabidopsis, Indian Mustard

Selenium hyperaccumulation tolerance

LeDuc et al., 2004

7175

SPE

Spermidine synthase

Arabidopsis

Chilling, freezing, salinity, drought hyperosmosis

Kasukabe et al., 2004

7277

spe1-1; spe2-1

Spermidine non-accumulating

Arabidopsis

Decreased salt tolerance

Kasinathan and Astrid, 2004

7089

AtSPMS

Spermine synthase

Arabidopsis

salt tolerance

Alet et al., 2012

11424

SST/FFT

Fructan accumulation

Potato

Reduced proline accumulation at low water status

Knipp and Honermeier, 2006

8144

MdSPDS1

Spermidine synthesis

Pear

Antisense cause salt and Cadmium semsitivity

Wen et al., 2011

10997

Bp6-SFT

Fructan accumulation

Pichia & tobacco

Freezing tolerance

del Viso et al., 2011

10831

TaCRT

Ca2+-binding protein

Tobacco

Better water status, WUE and membrane stability

Xiao-Yun Jia et al., 2008

9254

TPP1

Trehalose synthesis

Rice

Salt and cold tolerance

Ge et al., 2008

9376

TPS; TPP

Trehalose synthesis

Arabidopsis

Drought, freezing, salt and heat tolerance

Miranda et al., 2007

9094

OsTPS1

Trehalose synthesis

Rice

Drought, salt and cold resistance

Li et al., 2011

11430

TPS1

Trehalose synthesis

Alfalfa

Drought, freezing, salt, and heat tolerance.

Suárez et al., 2009

10004

TPS1

Trehalose synthesis

Tomato

Drought, salt and oxidative stress tolerance

Cortina & Culiáñez-Macià, 2005

7788

TPS1

Trehalose synthesis

Potato

Delayed wilting under drought

Stiller et al., 2008

9146

TPS1 & TPS2

Trehalose synthesis

Tobacco

Maintenance of water status under drought stress

Karim et al., 2007

8913

TPSP

Trehalose synthesis

Rice

Drought, salt and cold tolerance expressed by chlorophyll fluorescence

In-Cheol Jang et al., 2003

6389

WCOR15

Cold induced gene

Tobacco

Increased freezing tolerance

Shimamura et al. 2006

8067

 

Late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) related genes          (To top)

Gene

Gene Action

Species

Phenotype

Reference

ID*

DQ663481

Lea gene

Tobacco

Drought resistance via cell membrane stability

Wang et al., 2006

8510

AtLEA4

Group 4 LEA proteins

Arabidopsis

Drought resistance

Olvera-Carrillo et al., 2010

10602

HVA1

Group 3 LEA protein gene

Oat

Delayed wilting under drought stress

Maqbool et al., 2002

6146

HVA1

Group 3 LEA protein gene

Oat

Salinity tolerance in yield/plant

Oraby et al., 2005

7971

HVA1

Group 3 LEA protein gene

Rice

Dehydration avoidance and cell membrane stability

Babu et al., 2004

7030

HVA1

Group 3 LEA protein gene

Rice

Drought and salinity tolerance

Rohila et al. 2002

6185

HVA1

Group 3 LEA protein gene

Wheat

Increased biomass and WUE under stress

Sivamani et al. 2000

4781

HVA1

Group 3 LEA protein gene

Wheat

Improved plant water status and yield under field drought conditions

Bahieldin et al., 2005

7618

HVA1

Group 3 LEA protein gene

Wheat

Drought resistance in germination, seedling growth and biomass accumulation

Chauhan and Khurana, 2011

10898

HVA1

Group 3 LEA protein gene

mulberry

Salinity and drought resistance

Lal et al. 2008

9429

BhLEA1, LEA2

LEA proteins

Tobacco

Dehydration tolerance

Liu et al., 2008

9586

LEA

LEA proteins

Blueberry

Cold tolerance

Zhao et al., 2011

10789

OsLEA3-1

Lea protein

Rice

Drought resistance for yield in the field

Xiao et al., 2007

8926

ME-leaN4

LEA protein

Lettuce

Enhanced growth and delayed wilting under drought. Salt resistance

Park et al., 2005

7671

ME-leaN4

LEA protein

Chinese cabbage

Drought and salt resistance

Park et al., 2005

7794

Rab17

LEA protein

Arabidopsis

Resistance to osmotic and salinity stress

Figueras et al., 2004

7204

SpERD15

Solute accumulation and more

Tobacco

Drought resistance

Ziat et al., 2011

11045

 

Various regulatory genes                  (To top)

Gene

Gene Action

Species

Phenotype

Reference

ID*

--

Overexpression of glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase - inducing cis-unsaturation of chloroplast phosphatidylglycerol

Tobacco

Chilling

Sakamoto et al., 2004

6916

--

Overexpression of nicotianamine synthase

Tobacco & Arabodopsis

Heavy metal tolerance by chelation

Kim et al., 2005

8006

AB13

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Enhanced freezing tolerance

Tamminen et al. 2001

5217

ABF3

Transcription factor

Rice

Drought resistance

Oh et al., 2005

7780

ABP9      

ABRE binding protein9

Arabidopsis

Regulation of plant photosynthesis under stress

Zhang et al., 2008

9256

ABP9      

ABRE binding protein9

Arabidopsis

drought, salt, freezing and oxidative stress resistance

Zhang et al., 2011

10902

ADH1

alcohol dehydrogenase

Rice

Submergence tolerance

Rahman et al. (001 

5688

ADH1

alcohol dehydrogenase

Arabidopsis

No effect on hypoxic stress survival

Ismond et al. 2003

6669

ADH1; ADH2

alcohol dehydrogenase

Maize

Chilling tolerance

Peters and Frenkel, 2004

7468

AhPDF

Defensin

Arabidopsis

Zinc toxicity tolerance

Mirouze et al., 2006

8404

AHK1

Regulatory gene

Arabidopsis

Down-regulation of stress responsive genes

Phan Tran et al., 2007

9164

AlSAP

Transcription factor

Tobacco

Drought, salinity, heat and freezing resistance

Ben Saad et al., 2010

10190

ALDH3

aldehyde dehydrogenase

Arabidopsis

Tolerance to dehydration, NaCl, heavy metals (Cu2+ and Cd2+), MV, and H2O2

Sunkar et al. 2003

6715

ALDH3I1 & ALDH7B4

aldehyde dehydrogenase

Arabidopsis

Salt, dehydration and oxidative stress tolerance

Kotchoni et al. 2006

8303

ZmALDH22A1

aldehyde dehydrogenase

Tobacco

Salt & dehydration tolerance

Huang et al., 2008

9529

Alx8

High APX2 and ABA

Arabidopsis

Drought resistance

Rossel et al, 2006

8164

AnnAt1

Annexin  synthesis

Arabidopsis

Drought resistance

Konopka-Postupolska et al., 2009

9979

AnnBj1

Annexin  synthesis

Cotton

Salt and osmotic resistance

Divya et al. 2010

10413

AP37

Transcription factor

Rice

Drought resistance in yield

Oh et al., 2009

9977

AREB1

ABA hypersensitivity

Arabidopsis

Dehydration survival

Fujita et al. 2005

8099

S|AREB1

ABA-responsive element binding protein

Tomato

Salinity and drought resistance

Orellana et al., 2010

10707

ArsC

Arsenate reductase

Tobacco

Cadmium tolerance

Dhankher et al. 2003

6638

ARS5

Thiol synthesis

Arabidopsis

Arsenic tolerance

Sung et al., 2009

10086

ars4;ars5

Thiol synthesis

Arabidopsis

Arsenic tolerance

Sung et al., 2007

8729

ASR1

Undetermined

Tobacco

Decreased water loss; salt tolerance

Kalifa et al., 2004

7462

AtAOX1

alternative oxidase (AOX) pathway of plant mitochondria

Arabidopsis

Cold acclimation

Fiorani et al. 2005

8085

AtATM3

Regulating nonprotein thiols (NPSH) levels

Arabidopsis

Cadmium tolerance

Kim et al. 2006

8253

AZI1

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Cold tolerance

Xu et al., 2011

11064

AtBCB

Blue copper-binding protein

Arabidopsis

Suppress aluminum root absorption

Ezaki et al. 2001

5664

CBF1 & CBF4

Induced expression of COR genes

Arabidopsis

Different effects of the two for stress resistance

Siddiqua and Nassuth, 2011

11074

AtCBF1-3

Induced expression of COR genes

potato

Promoter driven freezing tolerance in yield

Pino et al., 2007

9022

AtCBF1

Induced expression of COR genes

Potato

Cold tolerance

Pino et al., 2008

9266

CBF1

Induced expression of COR genes

Tomato

Cold tolerance under low irradiance

Zhang et al., 2011

10846

CBF1

Induced expression of COR genes

Apple

Cold tolerance

Wisniewski et al., 2011

10972

CBF3

Induced expression of COR genes

Tobacco

Chilling tolerance

Yang et al., 2011

11152

HvCBF4

Induced expression of COR genes

Rice

Drought resistance

Lourenço et al., 2011

11437

EguCBF1a/b

Transcription factor

Eucalyptus

Cold resistance and plant morphology

Navarro et al., 2011

10776

AtCML9

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Drought ans salt tolerance

Magnan et al., 2008

9606

AtCPK23

serine/threonine kinase

Arabidopsis

Stomatal regulation

Ma and Wu, 2007

9082

AtCPK6

calcium-dependent protein kinase

Arabidopsis

Salt and drought tolerance

Xu et al. 2010

10420

OsCPK21

calcium-dependent protein kinase

Rice

Salt tolerance

Asano et al., 2011

10792

AtGluR2

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Calcium utilization under ionic stress

Kim et al. 2001

5172

AtGSK1

Homologue of GSK3/shaggy-like protein kinase

Arabidopsis

Salt tolerance in whole plant and root growth

Piao et al., 2001

5526

ATHB6       

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Cell division and /or differentiation in developing organs

Soderman et al. 1999  

5617

ATHB6       

Transcription factor

Tomato

Drought resistance

Mishra et al., 2012

11422

ath-miR399d

Transcription factor

Tomato

Enhanced soil P uptake

Gao et al., 2010

10583

AtMT2a

AtMT3

Metallothioneins synthesis in guard cells

Faba bean

Cadmium tolerance through antioxidative action

Lee et al., 2004

7417

AtMt2b and AtHMA4

Metallothioneins synthesis

Tobacco

Cadmium and zinc toxicity tolerance

Grispen et al., 2011

10942

AtMYB102 & more

Chimeric repressors

Arabidopsis, rice

Salt tolerance

Mito et al. 2011

11160

CcMT1

Metallothioneins synthesis

Arabidopsis

Cadmium and copper toxicity tolerance

Sekhar et al., 2011

10996

GhMT3a

Metallothionein synthesis and ROS scavenging

Tobacco

Drought, salt, cold tolerance

Xue et al., 2009

9762

AtNOA1

Nitric Oxide synthesis

Arabidopsis

Salt tolerance

Zhao et al., 2007

8866

AtNOA1

Nitric Oxide synthesis

Arabidopsis

Salt tolerance

Qiao et al., 2009

9649

AtPAP15

Acid phosphatase

Soybean

Phosphorus-use efficiency

Wang et al., 2009

10081

AtPAP26

Acid phosphatase

Arabidopsis

Orthophosphate metabolism

Hurley et al., 2010

10504

AtPCS1

Phytochelatin synthesis

Arabidopsis

Paradoxically showed hypersensitivity to Cd stress

Lee et al., 2003

6387

AtPCS1

Phytochelatin synthesis

Arabidopsis

Arsenic tolerance and cadmium hypersensitivity

Li et al., 2004

7513

AtPCS1

Phytochelatin synthesis

Arabidopsis

Cadmium tolerance

Brunetti et al., 2011

11373

AtPCS1

Phytochelatin synthesis

Tobacco

Cadmium tolerance

Pomponi et al. 2006

8092

AtPCS1

Phytochelatin synthesis

Indian mustard

As and Cd tolerance

Gasic et al., 2007

8912

AtPCS1

Phytochelatin synthesis

Tobacco

Variable Cadmium responses

Wojas et al., 2008

9387

AtPCS1 & CePCS

Phytochelatin synthesis

Tobacco

Arsenic accumulation and tolerance

Wojas et al. 2010

10220

---

Phytochelatin synthesis (3 genes)

Tobacco

Cadmium tolerance

Wawrzyski et al., 2006

8372

ATP-PRT

Free His accumulation

Alyssum

Nickel tolerance

Ingle et al., 2005

7812

OsPR4

Transcription factor

rice

Drought resistance

Wang et al., 2011

11378

AtPCS1

Phytochelatin synthesis

Indian

Mustard

Cadmium and zinc tolerance

Gasic and Korban, 2007

8815

AtRabG3e

Intracellular vesicle trafficking

Arabidopsis

Salt and osmotic stress tolerance

Mazel et al., 2004

6975

atRZ-1a

Zinc finger glycine-rich RNA-binding proteins

Arabidopsis

Negative effect on germination and seedling growth under salt stress

Kim et al., 2007

9026

ATTS244 and ATTS405

FtsH protease protecting photosystem

Arabidopsis

Heat tolerance

Chen et al. 2006

8472

AZF1, AZF2, AZF3,

and STZ

Cys2/His2-Type Zinc-Finger Proteins

Arabidopsis

Reduced growth and drought resistance

Sakamoto et al., 2004

7351

GhDi19-1 GhDi19-2

Cys2/His2-Type Zinc-Finger Proteins

Arabidopsis

Salt and ABA sensitivity

Li et al., 2010

10651

atRZ-1a

zinc finger-containing glycine-rich RNA-binding proteins (GR-RBPs)

Arabidopsis

Freezing tolerance

Kim et al., 2005

7773

AtSZF1 & AtSZF2

CCCH-type zinc finger proteins, involved in salt stress responses

Arabidopsis

Salt tolerance

Sun et al., 2007

9025

StZFP1

TFIIIA-type zinc finger protein

Tobacco

Salt tolerance

Tian et al., 2010

10585

AtSPX1-4

Phosphate signaling

Arabidopsis

Possible phosphate efficiency

Duan et al. 2008

9367

OsSPX1

Phosphate signaling

Arabidopsis Tobacco

Cold tolerance

Zhao et al., 2009

9967

At-SRO5

Antioxidative action

Arabidopsis

Salt tolerance

Rabajani et al., 2009

9672

BnPtdIns-PLC2

Phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C

Canola

Drought resistance, early flowering

Georges et al., 2009

10128

BNCBF5- and 17 17

CBF/DREB1-like transcription factors

Brassica

napus

Freezing tolerance and photosynthetic capacity

Savitch et al., 2005

7926

CAbZIP1

Plant development (dwarf phenotype)

Arabidopsis

Disease, drought and salt tolerance

Lee et al. 2006

8477

AtbZIP17

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Salt tolerance

Iu et al., 2008

9589

BAX

BCL2-associated x protein as the pro-PCD factor

Tobacco

Drought, salt and heat tolerance

Isbat et al., 2009

10073

bZIP23

Transcription factor

Rice

ABA sensitivity, drought and salt tolerance

Xiang et al., 2008

9694

ZIP72

Transcription factor

Rice

ABA sensitivity and drought resistance

Lu et al., 2009

9701

ThbZIP1

Transcription factor

Tobacco

Salt tolerance and antioxidant activity

Wang et al. 2010

10222

cad 1-3

Phytochelatin deficiency

Arabidopsis

Cadmium sensitivity, low photosynthesis, low nutrient status

Larsson  et al., 2001

5382

cad 1-3

Phytochelatin deficiency

Arabidopsis

Cadmium sensitivity

Larsson et al. 2002

5873

Cad 1-3 ; cad 1-6

Phytochelatin deficiency

Arabidopsis

Zinc sensitivity

Tennstedt et al., 2009

9796

CAP2

Transcription factor

Tobacco

Drought and salt tolerance

Shukla et al. 2006

8470

CaPF1

Transcription factor

Virginia pine

Antioxidant activity and metal tolerance

Tang et al., 2005

8022

CaPIF1

Cys-2/His-2 zinc finger protein

Tomato

Chilling and disease resistance

Seong et al., 2007

8716

CBF1    

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Cold tolerance

Jaglo-Ottosen et al. 1998

5611

CBF1                

Transcription factor

Tomato

Chilling tolerance, antioxidative action

Tsai-Hung Hsieh et al. 2002

6124

CBF1                

Transcription factor

Populus spp.

Cold tolerance

Benedict et al. 2006

8344

CBF1; CBF3                       

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Cold tolerance

Novillo et al., 2004

7114

CBF2

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Reduced ethylene sensitivity and delayed leaf senescence?

Sharabi-Schwager et al., 2010

10511

CBF3

Transcription factor

Rice

Drought and salt resistance

Oh et al., 2005

7780

CBF4

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Drought and freezing tolerance (via activation of C-repeat/dehydration responsive element) 

Haake et al., 2002

6232

CBF/DREB1

Transcription factor

B. oleracea

Frost resistance

Hadi et al., 2011

11320

Wcbf2

Transcription factor

Tobacco

Freezing tolerance

Takumi et al., 2008

9208

CBL1    

Ca sensing protein

Arabidopsis

Salt and drought tolerance & cold sensitivity

Cheong et al. 2003

6707

CBL1    

Ca sensing protein

Arabidopsis

Salt and drought resistance – reduced transpiration

Albrecht et al., 2003

6823

CBL1    

Ca sensing protein

Arabidopsis

Salt tolerance

Wang et al., 2007

9136

CBP20

cap binding complex

Arabidopsis

Loss of function (recessive) induces drought resistance

Papp et al., 2004

7420

CcHyPRP

A hybrid-proline-rich protein encoding gene

Arabidopsis

Heat, salt and osmotic resistance

Priyanka et al., 2010

10185

CGS

Cystathionine--synthase

Indian Mustard

Selenium tolerance due to enhanced Se Volatilization

Van Huysen et al., 2003

6888

CIT1

Mitochondrial citrate synthase

Canola

Increased root citrate exudation and Al tolerance

Anoop et al. 2003

6720

CjCS

Mitochondrial citrate synthase

Nicotiana benthamiana

Aluminum tolerance

Deng et al., 2009

9994

CpMYB10

Glucose sensitive and ABA hypersensitive

Arabidopsis

Desiccation and salinity tolerance

Villalobos et al. 2004

7173

cpSL

Selenocysteine lyase (mouse)

Brassica juncea

Selenium tolerance

Garifullina et al. 2003

6702

CRYOPHYTE/ LOS4

RNA helicase

Arabidopsis

Cold tolerance and heat sensitivity

Gong et al., 2004

7509

Ctb1

F-box protein

Rice

Sustained fertility under chilling stress

Saito et al., 2010

10469

CUP1

metallothionein accumulation

Tobacco

Arbuscular mycorrhiza decreases cadmium phytoextraction in transgenic

Janoukova et al., 2005

7764

Cys

Enhanced cysteine synthase activity

Tobacco

Tolerance to sulfur containing pollutants

Masaki Noji et al., 2001

5429

desC

Acyl-lipid 9-desaturase

Tobacco

Increased fatty acid unsaturation and chilling tolerance

Orlova et al., 2003

6519

DREB

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Increased tolerance to cold, drought and salinity

Kasuga et al. 1999

4534

DREB

Transcription factor                    

Arabidopsis

Saliity tolerance

Xu et al., 2009

9660

CgDREBa

Transcription factor           

Chrysanthemum

Drought and salinity tolerance

Chen et al.,

11282

GhDREB1

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

freezing, salt and osmotic tolerance

Huang et al., 2009

9970

DREB1A

Transcription factor

Paspalum grass

Salinity and dehydration tolerance

James et al., 2008

9167

DREB1A

Transcription factor

Peanut

High Transpiration efficiency

Bhatnagar-Mathur et al., 2009

9949

DREB1A

Transcription factor

Peanut

Effects on transpiration efficiency and associated traits

Devi et al., 2011

11144

DREB1 or OsDREB1

Transcription factor

Rice

Drought, salt and cold tolerance with reduced growth under non-stress

Ito et al. 2006

8176

DREB1A

Transcription factor

Tobacco

Drought and cold tolerance

Kasuga et al., 2004

7091

DREB1A

Transcription factor

Tobacco

Salinity tolerance and dwarfing

Cong et l., 2008

9162

DREB1A

Transcription factor

wheat

Delayed wilting under drought stress

Pellegrineschi et al., 2004

7443

DREB1A

Transcription factor

Chrysanthemum

Heat tolerance

Hong et al., 2009

9905

DREB1A; DREB2A

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Drought-cold tolerance

Maruyama et al., 2009

10047

DREB2A

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Drought resistance

Sakuma et al. 2006

8302

DREB2

Transcription factor

Rice

Improve yield under limited water supply

Bihani et al., 2011

10805

DREB1B

Transcription factor

Tobacco

Osmotic and freezing tolerance

Gutha et al., 2008

9595

LbDREB

Transcription factor

Tobacco

Copper tolerance

Ban et al., 2011

10829

MbDREB1

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Cold drought and salt tolerance

Yang et al., 2011

10858

SiDREB2

Transcription factor

Foxtail millet

Salinity and osmotic stress resistance

Lata et al., 2011

11091

TaDREB2-3

Transcription factor

Wheat, barley

Drought and frost resistance

Morran et al., 2011

10780

EhCaBP

Calcium binding protein

Tobacco

Enhanced germination and seedling growth under salinity

Pandey et al. 2002

5753

ERA1

Farnesyltransferase

Canola

Antisense promote drought resistance in the field

Wang et al., 2005

7775

ERA1

Farnesyltransferase

Canola

When downregulated promotes drought resistance

Wang et al. 2009

10203

FAD3 & FAD8

Increased fatty acid desaturation

Tobacco

Drought resistance

Zhang et al., 2005

8020

FAD7

Increased fatty acid desaturation under COR15a

Tobacco

Cold tolerance

Khodakovskaya et al. 2006

8260

LeFAD3

omega-3 fatty acid desaturase

Tomato

chilling tolerance

Yu et al., 2009

10181

FER

Root development and physiology

tomato

Possibly, enhance iron nutrition

Ling et al., 2002

6235

Ferritin

Iron storage protein

rice

Increased iron and zinc accumulation in grain

Vasconcelos et al., 2003

6393

FLD

Flavodoxin expression in chloroplasts

Tobacco

Resistance to heat, high irradiation, water deficit, UV

Tognettia et al. 2006

8446

FLD        

Flavodoxin from bacteria expressed in chloroplasts

Tobacco

Iron deficiency tolerance

Tognetti et al., 2007

8993

FLD        

Flavodoxin overexpression

Medicago truncatula

Salinity tolerance

Peña et al., 2010

10695

FRO2

Ferric chelate reductase

Arabidopsis

Chilling tolerance/ antioxidant

Einset et al., 2008

9496

FRO2

Ferric chelate reductase responsible for reduction of iron at the root surface.

Arabidopsis

Iron deficiency tolerance

Connolly et al., 2003

6884

FRO7

Ferric reductase oxidase

Arabidopsis

Chloroplast iron acquisition, Iron deficiency tolerance

Jeong et al. 2008

9426

FTL1/DDF1

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Resistance to cold, drought and heat

Kang et al., 2011

10915

Gal

Raffinose hydrolysis

Petunia

Antisense expressed increased freezing tolerance

Pennycooke et al., 2003

6825

GASA4

Chaperone?

Arabidopsis

Heat tolerance

Ko et al., 2007

9084

GASA5

Under expressed heat shock proteins?

Arabidopsis

Heat susceptibility

Zhang et al., 2011

11300

Gli1

Mutant lack glycerol catabolism

Arabidopsis

Accumulated glycerol confers dehydration resistance

Eastmond, 2004

6974

GhDREB1

Transcription factor

Tobacco

Chilling tolerance, negatively regulated by gibberellic acid

Shan et al., 2007

9012

GhDBP1

Repression transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Induces salt sensitivity

Dong et al. 2010

10217

GPAT

glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase of chloroplasts

Rice

Chilling tolerance.

Ariizumi et al., 2002

6190

LeGPAT

glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase of chloroplasts

tomato

Salt tolerance

Sun et al., 2010

10640

GR-RBP4

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

No effect on cold tolerance

Kwak et al., 2005

7989

GsCBRLK

Calcium/calmodulin-independent kinase

Arabidopsis

Salt and ABA tolerance

Yang et al., 2010

10438

GSH1

Encode γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase and glutathione synthetase

Poplar

Heavy metal tolerance for 3 years in field

Ivanova et al., 2011

11035

HAL1

Promote K+/Na+ selectivity

Tomato

Salt tolerance in growth and fruit production

Rus et al., 2001

5483

HAL1

Promote K+/Na+ selectivity

Watermelon

Salt tolerance in growth

Ellul et al. 2003

6775

HAL2

Promote K+/Na+ selectivity

Tomato

Salt tolerance in calli and rooting

Arrillaga et al. 1998

4537

HAL I or HAL II

Promote K+/Na+ selectivity

Tomato

Salt tolerance

Safdar et al., 2011

11033

Hardy

AP2/ERF (APETALA2/ethylene responsive element binding factors) transcription factor

Clover

Drought ans salt resistance

Abogadallah et al., 2011

11053

Hb

hemoglobin

Alfalfa

Modulation of NO under hypoxia?

Dordas et al. 2003

6758

HIT1-1

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Heat tolerance via cell membrane stability

Wang et al., 2011

11094

HMA5

Cu-transporting P-type ATPase

Arabidopsis

Copper tolerance

Andrés-Colás et al. 2006

8081

HMA4 and PCS1

Transcription factor

Poplar

Zinc toxicity tolerance

Adams et al., 2011

11097

AtHMA3      

Heavy metal transport

Arabidopsis

Vacuolar heavy metal sequestration

Morel et al., 2009

9794

AtHMA3      

Heavy metal transport

Tobacco

Metal tolerance

Siemianowski et al., 2011

10777

HOS9

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Cold tolerance, growth

Zhu et al., 2004

7289

HOS10

Transcription factor

Arabidopsis

Cold tolerance, growth

Zhu et al., 2005

7806

HOS15

A WD40-repeat protein

Arabidopsis

Cold tolerance

Zhu et al., 2008

9316

HOT2

Encode a chitinase-like protein

Arabidopsis

Salt tolerance

Kwon et al., 2007